A Look At The Different Types Of Diets
March 15, 2014
There are so many diets out there, probably in the hundreds of thousands. Some are for gaining weight, others for losing it, reducing cholesterol, living a healthy and long life, and so on. For example, the Mediterranean diet reflects the eating habits of people in south Europe. A diet is a set course of eating whereby the amount and type of food a person eats are planned out so as to follow a certain lifestyle or lose weight. This article looks at the various kinds of healthy diets.
An omnivorous diet is one whereby both vegetable and animal foods are eaten. The majority of the world’s population is omnivorous, as this is the easiest of all diets given that there are no limitations. However, knowledge of what specific foods to be eaten and the amount are needed.
A carnivorous diet contains meat – that is, animal diet. From the viewpoint of a vegetarian, any person who eats meat is a carnivore, but in the real sense most of those who consume it are omnivorous. Real carnivores that eat meat only are rare. Examples in the animal kingdom include the cat and wolf families that naturally survive on the flesh of other animals. They are naturally adapted to hunting and consuming flesh. Their power, speed, sharp claws and pointed teeth assist them a great deal. They cannot chew since they do not have molars; they rip and swallow their prey’s flesh. In addition, their digestive tracts are designed specifically to process fatty and high protein meals. The only time they eat vegetables is when they are sick.
On the other hand, humans have differing characteristics and longer digestive tracts designed for processing vegetable-like foods. They are adaptable and capable of functioning as omnivores, although this matter has varying opinions. A theory suggests that eating of meat causes aggressiveness and the desire to get more, something that initially resulted in more hunting. Today, people hunt in stores and streets and in some cases for one another.
Meats are a concentrated food that is high in proteins, has degrees of fat that vary, contains only certain minerals and vitamins, and virtually no fiber. The proteins assist in growth and several other functions like tissue repair while the iron content is excellent. They assist with muscle growth and fat loss, so that you can even get the much-desired adonis belt, using an adonis belt workout. If a proper balance of fiber is absent, a diet involving lots of diets increases the risk of colon disease as well as other organs. Meats with lots of fat increase the risk of atherosclerosis, cancer, heart disease as well as other problems. In order to balance meats in diets, supplementary fiber is needed; more vitamin B, C and E, and the numerous minerals found in vegetable-like foods.
This happens to be the most commonly followed vegetarian diet. It excludes animal meat but uses animal by-products such as milk products and eggs (strict vegetarians, or vegans, do not consume these foods). Certain vegetarians are lacto as opposed to ovo due to a moral aversion to consuming unborn chickens. While some may perceive eggs are okay, they may be sensitive to milk. Usually, vegetable foods makeup the diet’s largest part, which is mainly made up of vegetables, fruits, legumes, grains, seeds and nuts.
In the course of history, the diets of most people have been mainly vegetarian, with meat only being eaten occasionally. This is still the case today throughout most parts of the world. Heavy consumption of meat foods started just last century in westernized cultures like in European countries, North America and Australia. This is mainly due to commercial raising and slaughtering of animals that result in packaging of flesh foods. They are them made readily available to consumers.
Health enthusiasts strongly lean towards a more vegetarian-type and natural diet since it is healthier, particularly when compared to a typical American diet. However, these enthusiasts are not suggesting that people become vegetarians, but just that they consume less animal fats and meat. Adopting meatless meals is a starting step. Clearly, more vegetarian diet reduces the risks of numerous common chronic diseases. Provided people consume adequate proteins; they can avoid deficiency problems.
The reason most commonly cited for not giving up meat, apart from people liking the taste, is fear of not getting sufficient proteins. The protein concepts put forward by nutritionists is probably among the biggest fallacies about diets. People do not need as much proteins as they may think. Excess proteins are probably a bigger concern than their deficiency, at least in western nations. A mixed vegetarian diet that has eggs and dairy products, or not is capable of theoretically supplying adequate proteins. However, it might require more effort than in the case of an omnivorous diet.
This is the pure or strict form of vegetarianism. No animal products such as eggs, yogurt, cheese, butter, ice cream or any other milk products are consumed. The diet includes only vegetables, fruits, grains, legumes, seeds and nuts. This diet is not recommended for children unless their parents can offer guidance painstakingly and choose the right foods. With it, it is difficult to get a balanced intake of all the nutrients necessary for growth, although it is possible. It’s not that the diet cannot be achieved, just that there is a risk of deficiencies and subsequent health issues.
Overall, a vegan often has less than average weight and low cholesterol levels. Most of the lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet advantages are even truer of this diet. There are much lesser incidences of obesity, hypertension, heart disease and certain cancers particularly of the breast, colon, prostate and uterus. The diet’s fiber content is usually excellent.
The potential deficiency of nutrients is, however, a cause for concern. Vitamin B12, calcium and iron may be low. If a person is conscious of complimenting food and his or her protein intake, the protein levels may be sufficient. Vitamin A can be low unless high amounts of yellow, orange and green vegetables are consumed. Often, Vitamin D is also low although sunshine can help. Zinc can also be insufficient unless nuts and seeds are regularly consumed.